So, what if you suddenly get involved in a car crash, see someone lying on the floor or your neighbor’s kitchen is on fire? What would you do? Would you be prepared to react?
Up to 75% of cardiac arrests happen to be at home. And every minute a person is not breathing equals to a loss of 10% in chance for surviving. Around 8 to 10 minutes without resuscitation maneuvers and the brain will very likely have sequels for the rest of patient’s life.
Small accidents and big disasters cause hundreds of casualties every year in our country, resulting from inappropriate population behaviour due, basically, to a lack of knowledge of Emergency Plans, skills and preparedness to respond to situations of this magnitude.
Just because few and very basic principles can be applied by any citizen in case of an emergency, it’s crucial to train the Civil Society in order to have it prepared for such situations.
- Protect. First things first. Bystanders shall follow a self protection attitude, identify sources of risk and peril and eliminate or, at least, mitigate them without compromising their own life and securiy and the one of the victims and people surrounding.
- Alert. It’s absolutely key that Emergency Services are early warned by calling 112, so Chain of Survival is activated right from the beginning, helping professionals to take over the situation as soon as possible.
- Save. Checking responsiveness of the victim, assuring permeability of the airway and substantiating whether the person is breathing, are the first three steps to be executed by lay rescuers. Performing a Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation, controlling severe bleeding and knowing what to do with a traumatic patient can be performed by any person, at any age, causing great benefits to the patient.
A group of Emergency Professionals (both workers and volunteers) believe in this idea and are defending a manifesto for the inclusion of Civil Defence and First Aid topics at School, aiming to help save lives. Current learning pathway and curricula shall incorporate these skills. And the Educational community must embrace the idea.